With temperatures crossing 45 degrees Celsius in certain parts of India, the summer sun can damage the eyes and cause a host of infections and illnesses, in addition to various other physical problems. Eye problems caused by sun and heat are early cataract formation, pterygium (yellowish-white tissue that grows in the conjunctiva and invades the cornea), pinguecula (a small patch of yellowish-white tissue in the conjunctiva), and degenerative changes in the retina.
According to Ramesh Pillai, Senior Corporate Optometrist, Eyewear Division, Titan Company Ltd., some of the eye infections to watch out for in the summer and monsoon times are:
Conjunctivitis is a term that most of us are familiar with. It is nothing but the inflammation of the conjunctiva (a thin, clear tissue that lines the white of the eyeball). It can be in an acute or chronic form and are generally self-limiting and last up to two weeks if not treated. Conjunctivitis often occurs as an epidemic and is called ‘pink eye’ in layman’s term.
It is associated with redness and a moderate amount of mucus discharge, irritation, and stickiness of the eyelids upon awakening with occasional swelling of the eyelids. This is mainly caused by a bacterial infection in hot weather. That said, conjunctivitis can also be caused by viral and fungal infections. Therefore, it is important that you consult an ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist before taking any medication.
Since it is an epidemic form, one should isolate oneself if one has conjunctivitis and should avoid touching others and also avoid the use of objects such as towels and personal products used by the affected person. To prevent the spread of the disease, the infected person and family should be instructed to pay special attention to personal hygiene.
Allergic conjunctivitis is also known as seasonal or warm weather conjunctivitis. It is a rare allergic disease that generally affects both the eyes and the prepubertal age, and lasts from 5 to 10 years. It is more common in boys than in girls. The identity of the allergen or specific allergens can help treat the disease, but it always remains a mystery. In most cases, some of the manifestations shown are known to be related to the sensitivity to grass pollen.
The disease is less common in temperate climates than in warm climates and is almost non-existent in cold climates. It is almost more severe during spring, summer, and autumn than in winter. Symptoms associated with this form of conjunctivitis include extreme itching, rapid discharge, and sensitivity to light. Cold packs and ice packs are helpful, and sleeping in cool, air-conditioned rooms can keep a person reasonably comfortable. In case of severe symptoms, one should consult an ophthalmologist/ophthalmologist for proper medication treatment. Recurrences are the rule, particularly in the spring and summer, but after several recurrences, conjunctivitis heals without scarring.
A stye is a common bacterial infection of the eyelid glands characterized by a highly tender, red, swollen localized area on the eyelid. It is essentially an abscess, with an accumulation of pus formation in the cited glands. Pain is the main symptom and the intensity of the pain is in direct proportion to the amount of eyelid swelling. Stye’s treatment is with warm compresses for 10-15 minutes, 3-4 times a day, followed by medication. If the inflammation does not resolve within 48 hours, then you may need to see an ophthalmologist get the proper medication and treatment.
Recurring styes are also known to occur if the eyes have less amount of uncorrected refractive error. Therefore, it is advisable for an optometrist or ophthalmologist to check potency as well.
Dry eye syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is a deficiency in any of the components of the tear film that can lead to loss of stability of the tear film. This will cause a rapid tear film rupture and the appearance of dry spots on the ocular surface. Therefore, dryness of the eye can be the result of any disease associated with deficiency of the tear film components including the aqueous, mucin, and lipid layer. Symptoms of dry eyes can be itchy or sand-like (foreign body). Other common symptoms are itching, excessive mucous discharge, burning sensation, redness, pain, and photosensitivity (inability to tolerate light). Treatment consists of prescribing tear substitutes based on the deficiency of the tear film component that is established through certain research tests carried out in clinics or hospitals.
While Dry Eye has more to do with the deficiency of the eye to produce enough tears or with the instability of the tear film, high temperatures during the summer can only aggravate this condition by rapid evaporation of the tear film. Therefore, wearing tight glasses and using humidifiers can provide great relief for people with moderate to severe dry eye problems.
The best way to prevent your eyes from getting any of these eye infections is to follow these simple steps.
- Maintain good personal hygiene.
- Avoid touching your eyes too often.
- Build good immunity by exercising regularly and eating healthy
- Hydrate by drinking lots and lots of water and having nutrient-rich liquids – drink a minimum of two liters of water a day
- Protect your eyes from dust, dirt, and harmful UV rays by wearing a good pair of sunglasses.
- The best way to keep your eyes protected from the harmful effects of the sun’s UV rays is to wear a good pair of oversized polarized wrap-around sunglasses that offer 100 percent protection against UV rays and, at the same time, a great comfort against the harmful glare of the sun. sunlight.
- Protect your eyes from harmful blue rays by wearing blue filter lenses
- A good night’s sleep gives your eyes a chance to rest, heal, and replenish so your eyes can stay healthy.
- Have a qualified optometrist or ophthalmologist periodically examine your eyes at least once a year so that any problems related to vision or eye health can be diagnosed at an early stage and can be treated immediately.